Tuesday, June 23, 2015

Tuesday Tip: Conjunctive Adverbs

Most people will remember learning about conjunctions in school. You may even remember the Schoolhouse Rock song, "Conjunction Junction." But in case you have forgotten, conjunctions are words that link words, clauses, and phrases to create a smoother transition.

All writers are familiar with adverbs, and they are often overused in fiction. Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. They can make the writing more interesting, if they are not overdone. Some adjectives are used to show connections between ideas, and they are known as conjunctive adverbs. When used this way, the adverbs show comparison, contrast, or some other relationship between the ideas in the sentence.

There are a number of conjunctive adverbs, but some of the common ones are:
  • accordingly     
  • also
  • besides
  • finally
  • however
  • instead
  • meanwhile
  • still
  • therefore
  • thus
When the conjunctive adverb is used in a sentence, it is set off by commas. It is set off by one comma when it is used at the beginning or end of a sentence.

For instance:
  • Meanwhile, the rain continued to come down in buckets.
  • When the sun came out, finally, a rainbow could be seen in the backyard.
  • The weatherman predicts that more storms will occur, however.

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